16 Personality types


ENFJ-types are understanding, enthusiastic and inspiring people. They are oriented towards people and human potential, and want to communicate their beliefs and convictions in such a way as to make people unite their energies in joint endeavours to realize high goals and ideals. Their facility of expression along with great sensitivity and warmth in interpersonal relations frequently make them quite adept at influencing others.

With their deeply rooted values, ENFJs are usually intensely concerned with the human and social aspects of life and work, considering it their mission to act as catalysts to create concord and team spirit in working towards the common good.

ENFJs are at their best when pursuing goals which are meaningful and worthwhile in a larger, long-term context, working closely and harmoniously with other like-minded people, and may easily get bored and dispirited if called upon to concentrate on routine detail or purely factual concerns at the cost of human interaction and new possibilities.


ENTJ-types are logical, forward-looking and decisive people. In life and work they are characteristically eager to grasp new possibilities in order to transform them into action plans, and then quickly move on to organizing and preferably managing implementation.

ENTJs allow few obstacles to stand in the way of plans being materialized once they have thought things through and made up their minds. Though they enjoy interacting and communicating with others, they are usually not particularly fond of engaging in small talk leading nowhere. They are also very determined, and work in a structured, systematic and - if necessary - aggressive manner to achieve their goals. Having decided on a point of view or course of action, they stand unshakably firm unless confronted by new logical arguments, facts or implications convincing them otherwise.

ENTJs are critical-minded, like intellectual challenge and enjoy a hefty debate on objective issues, respecting others who do not shrink from confronting them on their home field of logic and analysis.


ENFP-types are versatile, innovative and dynamic people. Always searching for new possibilities and new insight, they are expressive, warm and affirming towards others, and also want to be liked and appreciated for themselves. They are usually very good at empathizing with others, showing insight and interest in human potential and possibilities for development.

ENFPs are imaginative, freedom-loving and adventurous individualists, inclined to "ignite" and embark on new projects with spontaneous and often contagious vigor and enthusiasm. ENFPs tend to be at their best and brightest when engaged in exploring exciting new ideas and possibilities with like-minded people.

However, they care little for mundane routine or detail, and when the fascination of novelty is gone; they are prone to losing motivation and restlessly start searching for new sources of inspiration. They are also somewhat averse to submitting to any kind of hierarchical structure unless very clearly seeing the point of doing so, and may in fact become rebellious should anyone attempt forcing them in a direction contrary to their values and convictions.


ENTP-types are resourceful, enthusiastic and independent people. They are always on the lookout for new possibilities and opportunities to trigger and challenge their ingenuity and ability to generate ideas. They are curios to explore everything that is novel and exciting, are seldom willing to settle for the status quo, inciting people and organizations to change by their flair for analyzing strengths and weaknesses, spurring them on to rethink and improve things.

ENTPs like challenging themselves and other people to intellectual debate, where their display of verbal acumen may at times be taken to the point of provocation. They are quick in transforming ideas into new projects, usually not minding if the stakes are high, and as a rule they have many irons in the fire at any given time.

ENTPs are typical change agents, and in neither life nor work do they care much for finding themselves on a daily treadmill for any length of time. If called upon to keep routine focus on boring detail, they are prone to get restless, seeking a way out by scanning their surroundings for new possibilities or stirring things up a bit to get them moving.


ESFJ-types are caring, down-to-earth and punctual people. They see what needs doing here and now, and do it. They are observant and perceptive of the feelings and needs of others, sensitive to the emotional nuances, atmosphere and changing moods of human interaction, and conscientiously attend to human needs being met and harmony maintained.

ESFJs come across as tactful, warm and sympathetic, at the same time being organized and responsible in fulfilling their obligations. They want to infuse communication and collaboration with an element of human warmth, and feel out of place if the climate is strictly impersonal, unemotional and businesslike.

They are concerned with right and wrong, what one ought and ought not to do, and are usually loyal to established custom, authorities and rules. Within certain moral bounds, however, they are quite willing to be adaptable and make concessions, as long as they feel this serves to uphold harmony and good relations between people.


ESFP-types are sociable, lively and spontaneous people. They live in the moment for the moment, are happiest when they can really feel part of the action, and want to make others join the fun, the more the merrier. They are tolerant and interested in other people, attach great importance to interpersonal relations, and with exuberant goodwill will do all they can to create and maintain harmony and high spirits.

They are very sensitive to the mood of the interaction between the people they are with, which combined with their unprejudiced openness and adaptability often enable them to defuse tense situations, helping people find the right tone again.

ESFPs do not care much for abstract ideas or theories unless personally experiencing their usefulness in real life, but are willing to adopt new ideas if they prove practicable. In life as in work ESFPs rely little on planning and organizing, trusting instead their knack of immediate perception of what is the right thing to do, and then just doing it.


ESTJ-types are practical, logical and energetic people. They have a firm grip on the realities of life and work, are good, practical organizers and planners and set about things with robust and if necessary aggressive decisiveness. They prefer dealing with facts, care little for airy speculation, and having concluded or made a decision; they are not easily swayed unless convinced by new logical arguments based on new, palpable facts.

ESTJs apply their reasoning powers, skills and experience systematically to get things done and achieve goals, and they have little patience with disorder, inefficiency or time wasted on things yielding no tangible results or payoffs.

They are serious about fulfilling their obligations, are quite demanding with themselves and others, and in most cases do not at all mind taking charge to ensure that things are done properly and according to plan.


ESTP-types are action-oriented, alert and quick-witted people. In life and work they are down-to-earth, adaptable and tolerant, and are usually seen by others as straightforward and easy to get along with. Their inclination is forming a clear picture of the situation as it really is, and then using common sense to find flexible and pragmatic ways of dealing with things.

Their open and reasonable approach in solving problems frequently has a salutary effect on others as well, evoking their will to find solutions. ESTPs are tuned to facts and experience, and care little for theorizing and abstraction unconnected with the true test of reality.

They tend to be energetic and active, but dislike spending their time in ways which they do not find immediately interesting or meaningful. At times when nothing much is happening or action is overshadowed by planning, formalities and routine, ESTPs may react by growing restless and initiate some kind of action to break monotony.


INFJ-types are supportive, insightful and strong-willed people. They are very independent and individualistic, often full of ideas, rooted in their inner world of imagination, inspiration and possibilities. They are interested in the development of people, typically endowed with powers of empathy and understanding of human interaction.

With others, INFJs usually appear likeable and tolerant, yet reserved and even a bit distant and dreamy. They are less inclined to communicate their vision, insight and goals directly, but may strongly influence and inspire others by their quiet conviction, loyalty and inner strength. In life and work, they are persevering and conscientious in fulfilling their obligations.

When they have really set their minds on something, or if they perceive that important values are disregarded, e.g. people being treated badly, INFJs may become unbendingly decisive and purposeful - often taking by surprise others who have previously only been exposed to their gentle, compliant side.


INFP-types are idealistic, imaginative and independent people. They are deeply rooted in their inner values and beliefs, judging most aspects of life by them, themselves included. In life and work they continually seek new ways of embodying their inner convictions, and will not be satisfied unless feeling their pursuits are meaningful in terms of higher goals.

As a rule, INFPs are more demanding of themselves than of others, and initially appear as sociable, adaptable individuals with little inclination to control or force their values on other people.

However, their independence combined with openness to new possibilities, at times cause them to really "let their hair down" in ways which may catch others by surprise, and if their strong inner values are engaged or challenged, inner forces tend to be unleashed which make them unshakably resolute, again often to the surprise of others who may so far only have encountered their flexible and easy-going side.


INTJ-types are independent, purposeful and determined people. They see many possibilities, form very clear conceptions of how possibilities are to be realized, and set to implementing them with firm decisiveness and energy. INTJs are very independent, and having thought through in their minds the goals and the actions necessary to achieve them, they are inclined to put their plans into action, preferably with the support of others, but if necessary even against their wishes.

INTJs are usually strong conceptualizers and "system builders" with an eye for how things should be organized. They see opportunities for improvement everywhere, and tend to be very - some would say ruthlessly - purposeful in what they do, both at work and in life generally.

Communicating and interacting with others, they respect and recognize above all competence and a businesslike attitude, gladly engaging in discussions with others if the exchange contains an element of analytical challenge or if new ideas are put forward. If this is not perceived to be the case, they may quickly lose interest and, at times rather coolly, disengage from the interaction.


INTP-types are analytical, inquisitive and intellectually inclined people. They have a penchant for immersing themselves completely in problems, issues or projects that interest them, and may become so absorbed by reflections and ideas that they become absent-minded and distant almost to the point of completely ignoring their surroundings.

INTPs quite frequently produce innovative ideas and insights, but are motivated by a desire to explore and understand things in the abstract rather than necessarily putting ideas into practice or even sharing them with others. They like going their own way by themselves, and are more concerned with organizing their ideas than interacting with or influencing the outer world of people and events.

INTPs are generally quiet and reserved, and may tend to act slightly withdrawn when others try to engage them in social conversation, but on the other hand may grow quite enthusiastic and even talkative when encountering others whose ideas and interests run along the same lines as their own.


ISFJ-types are loyal, reliable and considerate people. They have a firm grasp of realities and facts, are observant of detail and have a keen eye for other people's needs and feelings. Once they see something useful and helpful to be done, they take it upon themselves to do it, most often quietly and "behind the scenes".

ISFJs are conscientious, responsible and concerned that everything should be done right and at the right time. They do not lightly or impulsively take on obligations or enter into relationships with others, but having committed themselves to something or someone, it takes a lot indeed to make them give up on it.

They find profound meaning and satisfaction in supporting and helping others, both in the private sphere and at work, and often assume the role of the quiet, stabilizing pillar of support for those around them. Their outward manner is usually tranquil and calm, even in crises, but when you really get to know them, frequently you find ISFJs to be lively, intense and in many cases very humorous people.


ISFP-types are patient, adaptable and gentle people. They have strong personal values lighting their way in life and work, often with a yearning for a quiet, harmonious, somewhat secluded way of life, and want their actions and pursuits to be meaningful and important in terms of their beliefs and values.

However, they reserve speaking of their inner values and sharing their human warmth for those who know them really well. ISFPs are not distinguished by forwardness or loud talk, rather letting their actions speak. As a rule, they are adept at perceiving what needs attending to here and now, and then just quietly do it.

When they believe in what they are doing, they work conscientiously to the point of perfectionism. They mostly appear quietly tolerant and modest, willing to be flexible in the name of harmony. However, their flexibility ends the moment they sense their inner loyalties or values being menaced. Should this be the case, they will not budge an inch.


ISTJ-types are responsible, conscientious and punctual people. Taking a firm grip on the reality of things, they thoroughly and scrupulously take charge of facts and details, consistently basing their actions on rational judgement. They are not prone to impulsive action, neither privately nor at work, but once having assumed an obligation they regard it as binding, working systematically and perseveringly to fulfil it.

ISTJs are quite demanding with themselves as well as others in terms of responsibility, effort, order and structure, and have little tolerance of carelessness or business left unfinished. When you get to really know them, you may find them harboring original ideas and deep personal convictions, but usually in social contexts their manner is quiet and reserved, with little inclination towards small talk.

ISTJs say what they think needs to be said, expect others to do the same, and generally in life and work believe in practicing the principle of actions speaking louder than words.


ISTP-types are realistic, vigorous and adaptable people. ISTPs may appear socially reserved, coolly observing things from a distance, only to become vigorously active the next moment, taking charge should an unforeseen event, problem or crisis demand their attention. ISTPs want independence in life, and are not very concerned with planning or organizing themselves or others.

Their native element is the physical world of real facts, events and objects, and they want to understand and throw themselves at the challenges of this world, occasionally in seemingly foolhardy ways, such as high-risk sports.

They may be intensely absorbed in discovering how things work and exploring how facts should be fitted together, and they like applying their powers of observation and logic to unusual tasks putting their problem-solving skills to the test. When routine sets in, they again tend to assume the role of the observer, until the next challenge wakes their thirst for action.

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